Importance of the right amount of water for bonsai The growth of plants is closely linked to the presence of water in the soil that supports them, the minimum or maximum quantity that varies from plant to plant is of vital importance because incorrect irrigation can seriously compromise the growth and the very survival of a bonsai causing the onset of various pathologies. The watering of the bonsai, due to the small amount of soil available to the roots, is one of the most important operations and is an extreme delicacy, must be repeated with frequency and precision to keep the bonsai in good health.The water needs of the bonsai are very different from normal plants that can satisfy their needs through a deep root system, in the bonsai the small size of the roots and the the soil that supports the plant determines the need for a more frequent supply of water but in “necessary quantity”, the water must be calibrated and monitored in every detail and in every circumstance.There is no fixed rule for watering bonsai, there are many factors that influence this operation: the environmental conditions, the type of tree, the degree of development of the tree, the composition of the substrate, the size of the pot.For a good cultivation in general, given the close relationship between the substrate and the watering, it is advisable to use only very draining substrates which not only give more strength to the plants, but also make you feel comfortable with regard to rot radicals, fatal for the plant.A foolproof method to feel if the bonsai needs water is always to check with the index finger, gently so as not to damage the roots, the condition of the soil in the pot, if it is dry it is now to intervene if it is still wet it is still possible to leave it out.

bonsaiAlthough there are no binding indications for watering a bonsai, it is a good rule for a correct watering to take into account the vegetative and physiological needs of the plant.

For a correct balance and development of the bonsai, even at the metabolic level, it is advisable to alternate correctly and constantly between watering and subsequent drying of the soil, always bearing in mind that the plants must absolutely not always be wet with the same frequency if they do not require it. In summer, for example, if the plant is outdoors, watering can be done once or twice a day after checking the humidity of the soil, in early autumn, the bonsai while still presenting the needs of the summer period. subsequently requires a smaller amount of water. Also in this case it is necessary to constantly keep the soil moisture under control. In winter, during the vegetative rest, the water requirement of the bonsai is reduced, even only two weekly waterings are sufficient, preferably. In spring with the vegetative restart it is necessary to water according to the vegetative state of the plant, increasing the watering as trees with deciduous leaves need more water in summer, precisely because the large leaf surface facilitates transpiration, conifers require a fair amount of water even in winter, because maintaining the foliar apparatus, they must feeding constantly.

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bonsai The distribution of water can take place in several ways:

By superficial sprinkling (i.e. giving water from above) being very careful not to create holes in the ground in this regard, a watering can with a thin shower head avoids this inconvenience; By immersing the pot in a container with water set at a level 1 cm below the level of the pot, in this way the roots absorb the water they need and the soil in this way gets wet evenly; Some species of bonsai need a high level of humidity that can be obtained, as well as keeping the soil moist, nebulizing the foliage.The nebulization in addition to making the plant absorb the vital water keeps its small leaves clean without neglecting that it is useful to remove some parasites such as the red spider that does not like humidity, on the contrary, however, it can cause the attack of fungi, especially in particularly hot and humid periods, if you do not pay attention. hyene chemical substances added, failing this, tap water is used which however has some drawbacks (too cold temperature, chlorine) that can be solved by collecting the water and letting it rest for up to twelve hours so that it reaches a temperature close to that of the ‘environment, this expedient also allows you to dispose of a part of the chlorine.If it is true that water is necessary for the life of the plant, it is also true that excesses can be harmful. water has wet all the soil suspend watering when the water starts to come out of the drainage holes. In the summer to avoid damage to the plants it is better to water them either early in the morning or in the evening, after the hottest hours. this case must be strictly cool, neither at room temperature nor even worse hot, because in summer, when the temperatures are really high, for bonsai it is really a big stress to overcome the long hot days.

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