Although there are no binding indications for watering a bonsai, it is a good rule for a correct watering to take into account the vegetative and physiological needs of the plant.
For a correct balance and development of the bonsai, even at the metabolic level, it is advisable to alternate correctly and constantly between watering and subsequent drying of the soil, always bearing in mind that the plants must absolutely not always be wet with the same frequency if they do not require it. In summer, for example, if the plant is outdoors, watering can be done once or twice a day after checking the humidity of the soil, in early autumn, the bonsai while still presenting the needs of the summer period. subsequently requires a smaller amount of water. Also in this case it is necessary to constantly keep the soil moisture under control. In winter, during the vegetative rest, the water requirement of the bonsai is reduced, even only two weekly waterings are sufficient, preferably. In spring with the vegetative restart it is necessary to water according to the vegetative state of the plant, increasing the watering as trees with deciduous leaves need more water in summer, precisely because the large leaf surface facilitates transpiration, conifers require a fair amount of water even in winter, because maintaining the foliar apparatus, they must feeding constantly.
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The distribution of water can take place in several ways:
By superficial sprinkling (i.e. giving water from above) being very careful not to create holes in the ground in this regard, a watering can with a thin shower head avoids this inconvenience; By immersing the pot in a container with water set at a level 1 cm below the level of the pot, in this way the roots absorb the water they need and the soil in this way gets wet evenly; Some species of bonsai need a high level of humidity that can be obtained, as well as keeping the soil moist, nebulizing the foliage.The nebulization in addition to making the plant absorb the vital water keeps its small leaves clean without neglecting that it is useful to remove some parasites such as the red spider that does not like humidity, on the contrary, however, it can cause the attack of fungi, especially in particularly hot and humid periods, if you do not pay attention. hyene chemical substances added, failing this, tap water is used which however has some drawbacks (too cold temperature, chlorine) that can be solved by collecting the water and letting it rest for up to twelve hours so that it reaches a temperature close to that of the ‘environment, this expedient also allows you to dispose of a part of the chlorine.If it is true that water is necessary for the life of the plant, it is also true that excesses can be harmful. water has wet all the soil suspend watering when the water starts to come out of the drainage holes. In the summer to avoid damage to the plants it is better to water them either early in the morning or in the evening, after the hottest hours. this case must be strictly cool, neither at room temperature nor even worse hot, because in summer, when the temperatures are really high, for bonsai it is really a big stress to overcome the long hot days.
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