The home garden, if properly cared for, can become a private oasis to enjoy a moment of relaxation. In addition to furnishings and plants, another element can further enrich your green space: the pond. We must start by making a small premise. Often we talk about pond and pond as if they were the same thing. There are actually differences between the two. The pond in fact compared to the shallower artificial lake, just think that its maximum depth reaches the level of half a meter. It also has richer vegetation, which can float on the surface or be submerged. The pond can therefore be seen as a real microcosm populated by its own flora and fauna, for whose good survival certain rules must be respected. For example, the size of the pond must not be too small, as the life of the beings who live inside it depends on the quantity of water it can contain, also influencing the ability of flora and fauna to react to thermal changes without suffering damage.
To make a pond in the home garden with the DIY technique, it is good to follow some small rules for a good result. First of all it is essential not to build it in masonry, rather it is preferable to move towards the realization with a PVC sheet, easily available on the market. First of all, it is necessary to identify a strategic point in which to place it, generally the lowest point where the water would naturally tend to collect. Furthermore, the size of the space available in the garden must be taken into account. Done, we mark what will be the shore of the pond and proceed to the excavation of the desired depth, at the end of which the residues that could compromise the laying of the sheet must be removed. Before spreading the sheet well, place a layer of sand on the bottom of the hole, which will act as a cushion. After positioning it is necessary to anchor the edges of the sheet with the use of garden rocks. Finally, a layer of substrate and rocks of various sizes will be placed on the bottom that will act as a habitat for the plants and fauna of the body of water.
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After having prepared the cloth in the pond bed, it is necessary to proceed with the furnishing. To fill it and embellish it, plants and ornamental rocks can be placed along the shore of the substrate. As for the population of the pond, various specimens of flora and fauna can live together in it. Plants can be submerged and floating (or hydrophytes) or semi-floating (helophytes). These decorate the edge of the pond and contribute to the oxygenation of the water. The most used aquatic plants are reeds, water lilies and cattails. As for the fauna generally made up of animals that live in shallow water or even on land. You can insert fish, frogs, turtles, beetles or even geese, depending on the space available. Key factors for flora and fauna are lighting and temperature. In fact, the photosynthesis of plants depends on light, so the presence of floating plants, involving shaded areas, will hinder this process in submerged plants. The temperature must then be kept under control, especially in summer to preserve plants and animals in the pond.
First aspect to always take care of the cleanliness of the water, since in it there are living creatures. To do this, floating dead leaves must be eliminated regularly because they could compromise the correct oxygenation of the water, especially in winter. For the same reason, it is useful to make sure that a sheet of ice does not form on the surface in the cold season. This can be avoided by letting some tree trunks float in the pond. Maintenance must be carried out every year, in the period between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. This is to ensure that the animals of the pond are still active and not hibernating, and can move freely during the operations. Furthermore, the smaller the size of the water basin, the more often it will be maintained.
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