tree that in nature reaches 10-15 meters, widespread in Europe and Asia; the trunk has a wrinkled, brown bark and smooth and twisted branches, which give the bonsai an ancient appearance. The leaves are oval, serrated, bright green, with the underside covered with a whitish patina, they are the favorite food of silkworms. The flowers are small and insignificant, in summer it produces small white, translucent, edible fruits.
Pruning: the most consistent pruning is done in spring, possibly also during autumn. Throughout the growing season, from March to October, trim the new shoots, leaving one or two leaves. The metal wire can be applied throughout the year, preferring however the end of winter.
Exposure: mulberry trees particularly like sunny positions, even if they adapt well even in shady places; avoid exposing the plant to the sun during the hottest months. They do not fear the cold, although it is advisable to protect them from the intense frost of the winter months, especially if the frosts last for too many days, covering the pot and the roots with non-woven fabric.
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Watering: from March to October it is good to provide water in moderate quantities, but frequently, since mulberries like a high humidity of the soil, taking care to nebulize the leaves with distilled water. In winter it is advisable to reduce watering, providing water every 15-20 days, and in any case never before the soil has dried up. Provide a specific fertilizer for bonsai every 15-20 days; every month in winter.
Soil: prepare a compost by mixing sand, peat, composting soil and clay in equal parts; encourage good drainage by adding coarse material, such as coarse-grained clay or pumice stone, to the bottom of the pot. Repotting is done in autumn, when the fruits have already ripened, every two years. Multiplication: it can be done by seed, using fresh seeds in autumn. Or you can practice in spring cuttings or layering, more recommended than sowing, as the mulberry is a very long-lived, slow-growing plant. Pests and diseases: it does not fear parasites and diseases; the specimens in nature are often attacked by caterpillars that devour the entire foliage, this usually does not happen to bonsai specimens, but pay attention.
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