I have a ficus bonsai plant. It has been losing its lower leaves for a few days, turning yellow and falling off. It is located near a large window in the kitchen. What to do?

Ficus ginseng

bonsai without leaves Dear Antonella,

ficus bonsai love fairly bright areas, but not direct sunlight, good ambient humidity and regular watering. The leaves that turn yellow and fall may be due to an excessively hot or dry climate, or excessive brightness; for this reason these plants are kept in bright places, but without the sun’s rays hitting them directly.High environmental humidity does not necessarily mean frequent watering: watering wets the soil, which if it remains constantly humid, prevents the roots from exchanging correct gas with the outside. So if watering is done too frequently, there is a risk of killing the plant by asphyxiation; It is always good to wait until the substrate is dry before watering again, without leaving it dry for long periods of time, because ficus do not like drought. of heat sources such as stoves, fireplaces, air conditioners, radiators, which dry the air further; in addition to this the foliage is frequently vaporized, so that a good amount of water is present in the air, which is very unlikely in the apartment.Ficus do not like sudden and sudden changes in temperature, the proximity of a window often causes loss of leaves, when the window is often opened, and cold weather outside.Another reason your plant is losing its leaves may be the lack (or excess) of mineral salts in the soil: the fundamental fertilizer when growing a ficus, and when this is cultivated as bonsai it becomes quite difficult to dose the fertilizer correctly. The fertilizer is preferably administered in the vegetative period of the plant, therefore from March to October, every 12-15 days; a specific fertilizer for bonsai is used, which must be diluted in the doses indicated on the package. If you don’t have a bonsai fertilizer, and you want to use what you already have, which you use for other houseplants, you will need to dilute it much more, using only half the dose indicated on the bottle for each liter of water. the same soil for a long time, perhaps it could also need repotting, because over time the soil of the pots runs out and must be replaced.

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