plant widely used in Japan as bonsai, native to Asia, in nature it can reach 9-10 meters in height; it has conical, very dense foliage, with 5-7 lobed leaves, light green, which turn red-orange in autumn. Very decorative, it presents some cultivation difficulties, being quite delicate, however it can also be cultivated by a beginner who wants to try his hand at a small specimen.
Pruning is carried out when the vegetation resumes, in spring, and at the end, in autumn; in summer they bud and bud, leaving two or three leaves. Healthy specimens can be defoliated in May to help reduce the size of the leaves. The metal wire can be applied all year round.
With regard to exposure, the maple is a fairly delicate plant that needs bright positions, but far from the rays of the sun and the wind. In summer, when the climate is particularly hot, it is good to shade it; in winter the pot and the roots are protected with non-woven fabric on the coldest days.
The training pruning has the purpose of favoring the natural development of the plant therefore the mulberry pruning must follow a development stretched more horizontally than vertically.
Palmate Maple – Acer palmatum
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Watering: well water often, without exceeding in quantity; in summer, be careful not to let the soil dry out too much, because maple is very afraid of drought. Add bonsai fertilizer every 10-15 days, from March to September, to the watering water.
Soil: it loves fairly clayey soils, well drained, tending to acidity rather than alkalinity. An ideal compost can be obtained by mixing two parts of peat, one part of sand and three parts of clay. It is advisable to repot the young specimens every year, at the end of winter, to allow an optimal vegetative restart. Adult specimens can also be repotted every three years. Multiplication: it can be done by sowing the fruits in spring, keeping the soil moist until germination, the seedlings are repotted the following year. In spring, cuttings of about five centimeters can be taken, to be rooted in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts.Pests and diseases: a plant little subject to attack by parasites and diseases. Sometimes it can be affected by aphids and mealy bugs. The very young specimens, especially if placed in places with little sun, fear the white sickness.
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