a medium-sized plant widespread in Europe, North America and Asia, in nature it can reach thirty meters in height. It has light green, small, oval, pleated leaves, which turn yellow in autumn. The bark is light brown tending to gray, the branches are usually long and thin. The crown develops in a conical shape. It is a very rustic plant, which does not require particular attention as regards cultivation, highly recommended for beginners. For bonsai are also used the varieties C. Laxiflora, with red leaves and C. Turczaninowii with small leaves.

HornbeamPruning: the most vigorous pruning is carried out at the end of winter, when the plant has lost its leaves, in this period the metal wire is applied. During the growing season the shoots are pinched, leaving 1-2 leaves, and the larger leaves are eliminated. The hornbeam produces many shoots, so it is advisable to carefully monitor their growth.

Exposure: the hornbeam does not have great exposure problems, it usually lies in the sun, however avoiding leaving it in the hottest periods of summer, even if it tolerates very dry weather well.

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Watering: watering must be frequent, but moderate, waiting for the soil to dry between one watering and the next; it suffers more from excess water than from deficiencies. In the hottest periods of the year, vaporize the leaves with distilled water, possibly early in the morning or in the evening.

Soil: it has no particular needs, it adapts well to any terrain, preferring clayey soils; to prepare an ideal compote, mix one part of peat, one part of sand and three parts of clay. It is advisable to repot it every two to three years, at the end of winter, before the vegetative restart. Multiplication: occurs by sowing fresh seeds in autumn; in spring, semi-woody cuttings can be taken, to be rooted in a compound of peat and sand in equal parts. Pests and diseases: it is almost never attacked by parasites and diseases; sometimes the woolly aphids settle on the youngest shoots.

Source: www.giardinaggio.it

Hornbeam – Carpinus betulus – Carpinus betulus – Bonsai tips – Hornbeam – Carpinus betulus

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