First of all, however, we need to think about the plant component: from lawns to trees, from shrubs to hedges, a garden characterized, first of all, by plants. If you need privacy and want to protect the space from prying eyes, you can opt for high hedges along the perimeter, which among other things will also have a sound-absorbing effect, reducing the noise coming from the street, and will allow you to counteract the gusts of stronger wind. The planning, in any case, cannot ignore the style that one wants to assign to the environment: one can opt, for example, for an English garden with a pond, a small stream or another stream; or for a minimalist garden, with few plants, aimed at enhancing the forms of the surrounding architecture; or again, for a rock garden, characterized by stones and boulders, with plants used to living in arid conditions and with a dry climate. The solutions available, as you can see, are numerous, and it all depends on personal tastes.
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Of course, it is also necessary to evaluate the budget available and the economic possibilities: depending on the amount of money that you are able to spend, you can focus on expensive species (for example rare succulents) or less expensive, which require more or less maintenance. cheap. Maintenance deserves to be checked in advance: in the sense that if you are aware of not being able to take care of the garden constantly and frequently, it will be good to choose plants with no particular needs, able to live without problems even for days and days without water. From this point of view, the most “autonomous” species are succulents.
The design of the green, on the other hand, depends on the initial state of the environment on which it is necessary to intervene: in the sense that it could be a garden to be built from scratch, from scratch, and in this case there is more room for maneuver; or of a garden already existing, but abandoned and not cared for, and therefore to be designed from scratch. In this second case you can start from an initial base (for example, if the lawn is in good condition, there will be no need to sow it, as long as you check for any weeds), and check what to keep from the old garden. For example, it would be a pity to cut down a tree born decades and decades ago (also from the point of view of the economic value of the garden), but such a choice would prove indispensable if that tree was sick (with the risk that the disease spreads to other plants).
When planning the creation of the garden and the subdivision of the spaces, one must not forget to think of a path or a path, possibly bordered by hedges, stones or borders, leading to the entrance. It can be made with tiles, gravel or cobblestones, or with a material that recalls the home. In this regard, it would be important to try to introduce the garden into the existing environmental context in a balanced and harmonious way, avoiding both chromatic and style discrepancies. The search for an aesthetic proportion means, for example, avoiding combining a rustic garden (with plants and wooden chairs) with a minimalist and ultra-modern house; but also to choose plants whose colors bring out the shades of the walls of the building. Obviously, these are small tricks that mix the aesthetic component and the functional component, but which prove to be indispensable when design becomes reality.
In conclusion, it is worth specifying that the climatic conditions of the area also exert a significant influence on the creation of the garden: the abundance and frequency of rainfall, summer and winter temperatures, the degree of humidity of the air and the presence and intensity of winds are factors that can direct the choice in one direction or another. Not all plants survive under the same conditions: knowing them in advance, therefore, will allow you to create a lush and healthy garden.
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