The design of gardens involves a preliminary analysis of some very important details, namely: – extension of the cultivable area – exposure – type of sunshine – climatic conditions – types of soil – coexistence between plants – presence of limiting agents it is also conditioned by personal aesthetic tastes and by the choice of different types of plants, which, according to one’s needs, can be: – trees – shrubby or bushy plants – herbaceous plants – flowering plants – succulents – climbing plants – evergreen plants – aquatic plants – Mediterranean scrub plants In every garden it would be advisable to set up various areas: a part intended for decorative purposes and characterized by flower beds, borders or flower pots; a shady part to favor rest and contemplation; a part possibly intended for aromatic plants; if there is a body of water it can be pleasant to house aquatic plants; and finally an area set up with a gazebo covered with climbing plants and equipped with benches or swings.
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BEECH TREE BEECH TREE

It is an ornamental tree, with an erect and columnar stem, up to 30 40 meters high, with a thick and luxuriant crown, with a conical shape.The leaves are oval, with a wavy margin and crossed by veins, of a bright green color , petiolate and with an alternate insertion. The flowers, gathered in inflorescences, have a different appearance: the male ones are pendulous glomeruli, the female ones are formed by 2 or 3 flowers surrounded by numerous bracts. The fruit is a small triangular walnut enclosed in a hard shell, similar to hedgehog, edible for humans.It is a plant well adaptable both to various types of soil and to different climatic conditions.CASTAGNOS It is a very long-lived deciduous tree, consisting of an imposing and columnar stem , up to 30 m high, covered by a smooth and glossy bark, of a brown-greyish color.The leaves are lanceolate with serrated margins and sharp apex, with alternate arrangement, and form a ch thick and roundish ioma. The male flowers are white and gathered in inflorescences in the shape of a glomerulus; the female flowers only isolated and wrapped in numerous bracts. The fruit, brown and shiny, has a round shape with a pointed apex and a convex base: it is the chestnut, edible and tasty for humans. green and thorny color called curly, which opens when fully ripe.It requires a fresh and deep soil, with an acidic component and not calcareous.TIGLIOS It is an ornamental tree, with a thick roundish crown, with a columnar trunk, up to 25- 30 meters. The leaves are heart-shaped, with a serrated edge, of an intense green color, with alternate insertion. The flowers are gathered in inconspicuous, but very fragrant whitish inflorescences. The fruits are small capsules rich in seeds. It must be exposed in full light. , in well-drained, deep fertile soils enriched with peat, humus and clay. It tolerates pollution and is well adaptable.

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wisteriaWISTERIA

It is a shrubby and climbing plant, with pinnate leaves formed by small light green leaflets, with opposite insertion.The flowers, of a purplish pink color, are gathered in extremely fragrant hanging cluster inflorescences. throughout the spring until the beginning of summer and is very luxuriant.The plant is used to create ornamental areas on espaliers, pergolas, or to cover gazebos.It requires a soft, well-drained, fertile soil with a clay component. housed in sunny areas of the garden because it fears the cold.

LAVENDER

It is a bushy, aromatic and evergreen plant, belonging to the Mediterranean scrub, which forms dense and fast-growing ornamental tufts.The herbaceous stem is up to one meter high, and supports narrow and elongated silver-green leaves. gathered in spike inflorescences, purple in color, very fragrant. It requires a well-drained soil, preferably with a calcareous component. Being a rustic variety, it is well adaptable and resistant. up to two meters, covered with a reddish yellow bark.The leaves are oval, dark green, glossy.The flowers have a corolla with five petals of white or pink color, solitary, with a very intense perfume. berries of oval shape, blue in color and fleshy consistency.The plant, which belongs to the Mediterranean scrub, requires warm climates, with temperatures never lower than five degrees, and is well adaptable.It is used to form aromatic and ornamental bushes in the garden.

tulipMIMOSA

It is a shrubby, evergreen and flowering plant, very decorative due to the presence of beautiful flowers.It has a semi-woody stem, up to 15 meters high, which supports very delicate, dark green bipinnate leaves. gathered in flower heads, with a soft and feathery appearance, very fragrant, golden yellow in color.The flowering is early, but does not last long: from January to March. Fruits are dark legumes, containing a large quantity of seeds. deep, well drained, acid component and enriched with peat, humus and river sand.It must be positioned in sunny areas and at mild temperatures (never below 15 degrees) .You need to carry out 2 fertilization cycles: in spring and autumn with specific fertilizers for flowering plants.TULIPANOSis a herbaceous and flowering plant, consisting of a slender stem, up to 1 m high, dark green in color, with lanceolate leaves, with alternate insertion. a corolla with distinct petals, with a fleshy consistency, rounded or pointed depending on the variety, very fragrant.It has various colors: white, yellow, pink, red and purple. It requires a well-drained and fertile soil, preferably with a basic and never clayey. It must be exposed in sunny and warm areas, because it fears the cold.

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Source: www.giardinaggio.it

garden architecture – Garden Design

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