the fig belongs to a genus that includes numerous species, most of which are tropical, while this species is widespread in the Mediterranean basin; a medium-sized plant with very large deciduous leaves and edible fruit. The leaves are light green, deeply lobed, rough to the touch, the trunk gray and produces particular knots that give the tree an ancient and twisted appearance, clearly visible even in very young specimens. In spring and summer it produces large drop-shaped fruits, green or purple in color. Not a bonsai recommended for beginners, due to the difficulty of making a plant with large leaves and fruits balanced.
Pruning: it is pruned in early spring, to shape the crown in the desired shape, without ever exceeding; take advantage of the period following pruning to apply the wire. To decrease the size of the leaves it is advisable to remove the larger ones from the plant, avoiding to remove too many. Trim the shoots leaving 2-3 leaves.
Exposure: the fig should be placed in a very bright position, even exposed to direct sunlight; it generally does not fear the cold, but if the winters are particularly harsh and in the case of young specimens, it is advisable to shelter the figs in a cold greenhouse, or under a canopy facing south.
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Watering: it does not need large quantities of water, it tolerates short periods of safety very well; especially in winter, reduce the number of waterings, to allow the plant to go into complete rest. From April to October provide bonsai fertilizer every 15-20 days, mixed with the watering.
Land: has no particular needs; prepare a compote with peat and sand in equal parts, the fig adapts without problem to any type of soil, as long as a good drainage to the pot is guaranteed.Multiplication: in spring you can practice cuttings.Pests and diseases: pay attention to molds that they often hit the leaves, if the watering is excessive the fruits can ferment.
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