Family of conifers, generally evergreen, native to the eastern Mediterranean, spread throughout the Mediterranean basin; it is a long-lived, slow-growing tree, which in nature can reach 20-25 meters in height. It has a columnar habit, dark green scaly leaves, which completely cover the small branches; the bark is smooth, furrowed by vertical cracks, dark gray in color. Male plants produce inflorescences in spring which release a lot of yellowish pollen; female plants, on the other hand, produce rounded fruits, which release small seeds in autumn. Plant appreciated as bonsai, it offers some difficulties in shaping and pruning and topping.
Pruning: it is pruned during the vegetative period, from March to October; the shoots are clipped with your fingers, to prevent the metal blades from yellowing the cutting surface; it is advisable to often shorten the tree at the tip, as growth in height usually causes the loss of low branches. The metal wire can be applied throughout the year, possibly with a fairly large diameter, and should be left for a long time, as the branches of the cypress tend to easily resume their original shape.
Exposure: it likes a very bright position, even in full sun; in summer it is good to vaporize it in the hottest periods, and possibly place it in a shady position. If the winter frosts last a long time, it is good to protect it from the intense cold.
Fig – Ficus carica
the fig belongs to a genus that includes numerous species, most of which are tropical, while this species is widespread in the Mediterranean basin; it is a medium-sized plant, to fo …
Olive tree – Olea europea
Evergreen plant native to the Mediterranean basin, with small elongated oval gray-green leaves, gray wrinkled trunk, which darkens with the age of the plant, and gnarled branches; in kind cr …
They have rich, colorful and prolonged blooms, withstand the heat and often even the drought of the summer months, love direct sun, do not need much care: they are the plants of the Mediterranean garden …
The Mediterranean garden is cultivated in areas characterized by a hot and arid climate, typical of the countries of the Mediterranean basin, where the summers are long and often muggy and where the …
Watering: it is advisable to supply water often, but in limited quantities, in order to keep the environment humid, without causing water stagnation which would be harmful. In summer, increase the amount of water if the climate requires it. In winter, avoid watering if the climate is too harsh and the plant is outside. Add bonsai fertilizer every 20 days to the watering water.
Land: does not have particular land requirements; prepare a compote by mixing two parts of sand, one part of clay and one part of peat. The young specimens should be repotted every year, between April and May, as they grow a lot; the adult plants are repotted every 2-3 years, in spring Multiplication: in spring the seeds of the previous year are sown, in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts Pests and diseases: does not fear particular diseases, some varieties in nature suffer from a disease called cypress cancer, which however does not usually affect bonsai specimens. Sometimes they can be attacked by aphids and scale insects.