If in doubt, however, just know that the cherry bonsai suffers from excess water much more than its deficiency. Throughout the year, in general, watering should be done almost every day in August, and once or twice a month in December. Basically, a lot changes according to the temperatures, remembering however that during the winter season it is absolutely forbidden to water if frosts are expected. In summer, on the other hand, it is better to wet the plant in the evening, so that the soil can retain moisture for a longer period of time.
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As regards the aspect of fertilization, the limited amount of soil that the cherry bonsai pot is able to contain means that it is periodically mandatory to intervene with fertilization: an operation aimed at integrating the nutrients that each plant requires to survive. From March to September it is necessary to dilute in the water that will be used for watering the liquid fertilizer based on potassium and phosphorus, in the doses indicated in the instructions and being careful not to exceed them. However, this procedure must be suspended in the last two weeks of July, in August and during flowering. The fertilization intervention must be carried out when the soil is moist, in order to avoid potential damage to the roots. To ensure optimal fruiting, on the other hand, fertilization must be intensified when the flowering period ends.
Like almost all plants, the cherry bonsai also needs periodic pruning, so that it can grow without problems and assuming the desired structure. Pruning, in particular, serves to ensure that the plant has a well-defined crown and skeleton, based on the bearing of the cherry tree. On a practical level, to proceed with the cut it is necessary to use special cutters for bonsai, taking care to sharpen the blades well and disinfect them, to avoid possible infections or attacks by parasites. The cuts made must be clean: after that, it is necessary to apply healing mastic on them. But what are the branches that need to be eliminated or cut? The cherry bonsai is equipped with woody branches and fruiting branches. Training pruning is generally carried out between the end of November and the beginning of December, when the cherry tree has lost all its leaves, or alternatively in the first days of spring, between the end of February and the first weeks of March: at the moment, that is, in which the bonsai is preparing for the new season. During the year, however, nothing prevents rather delicate maintenance interventions, aimed at consolidating the results achieved, and eliminating any impurities such as small broken branches or parts of the plant affected by parasitic diseases. Finally, repotting: even the cherry bonsai needs periodic replacements of the soil and the pot, to be carried out possibly between the end of November and the beginning of December, at the beginning of the vegetative rest: that is to say at the moment in which the plant has no leaves. The help of special scissors will make it possible to thin out the root mass, eliminating the larger roots so as to create a condition of greater comfort for the capillary roots. The new pot must be slightly larger than the old container, while the new soil must be composed of peat, sand and universal soil.
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