Ceramic is a very ductile inorganic material, soft in its natural state, rigid after the firing phase. There are various types of ceramics, the four main types of ceramics are earthenware or earthenware, earthenware, stoneware and porcelain, which can be tender or tough.
To create a ceramic pot you need to first knead the clay and form a ball, place it in the center of our lathe and cupped your hands laterally with respect to the clay ball and start pressing, then push the thumb to the center and begin to give shape to the opening.If we see that the clay dries up and tends to stick to the hands, we wet it without problems whenever we feel the need.We cut the walls of the desired height using a punch and remove it from the jar with the utmost caution.We put the jar to dry covered with a cloth in a dry and warm place and proceed with the first cooking in the oven.We dispose of the jar (the enamel costicchia is a step that you can skip anyway if you want) wait for it to dry and carry out the second batch.
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the greatest advantage in choosing a ceramic vase (usually in terracotta) for our plants is certainly the fact that the terracotta allows the water to transpire from the walls, also eliminating limestone and salts and thus there is no risk of stagnation of water damaging the roots of plants.
The disadvantages are: undoubtedly the higher cost compared to plastic pots, the fact that the earth tends to dry out sooner so you have to take care to wet the plant more often not least the fact that the terracotta pot is very heavy, if you adds the weight of the pot itself, the weight of the plant and the earth, you understand how these pots are not very easy to move and maneuver, especially if they are large The plants that most love these types of pots as their home are by far the succulents both because ceramic disperses humidity, disfavoring stagnation and because ceramic pots, being heavier, give more support to tall plants that could have a precarious balance.Let’s now see how to clean these precious pots, first we empty them well using a spatula of plastic, then rinse them under running cold water, then fill a basin with hot water and vinegar, immerse our jars for at least two hours after which the brush them very hernegically and we will see as if by magic all types of stain disappear if we really see that there are some stains that have not come away let’s pour a little bit of pure vinegar over them and brush them again with enthusiasm you will see that the stains will disappear, the color will return homogeneous and the vases will therefore look like new.
ceramic pots as home decoration are highly appreciated both in their natural state without any painting especially in rustic and country environments, or they can be painted with acrylic paints or spray paints, they can then be applied on top of stencils, an excellent system this is to decorate and make a vase graceful without necessarily being artists.
We proceed like this, first sand the vase a little and clean it well then if it is very porous you can give a layer of transparent spray paint that smoothes and evens the surface of the vase then moves on to the fun phase you take the stencil with the chosen image (the stencil is nothing more than a stamp that can be made of plastic, wood, seughero, fabric) we dip it into the paint and print it on our vase, creating the decoration we like the most. fast and cheap to decorate our ceramic vases is the decoupage technique, we proceed as follows; first an aggrapant or plaster is spread over the entire surface of the vase in order to make our surface smooth and uniform, it is glued on our rice paper sheet with the chosen image, the entire surface is painted with a transparent varnish. Attention, if you then want to use our decorated ceramic pots to put the plants inside, you have to be careful to spread a paint inside that does not allow water to pass because ceramic is a transpiring substance, the water coming from the earth of the plants would be absorbed by the vase and passed to our decoration, irreparably ruining it.