Certainly the least expensive and perhaps the most optimal choice would be to go to the first available shop and choose between the different types of pergolas on the market. In fact, today there are products suitable for all budgets, both for the most demanding customer, who does not intend to sacrifice aesthetics in favor of savings, and for the customer who is looking for a more convenient but still functional solution. Therefore, alongside artisanal pergolas, certainly more expensive, because they are designed by technicians and designed to measure, there are also pergolas in various shapes and sizes on the market and therefore certainly more suitable to meet individual needs, already pre-assembled and therefore easy to install. For those who want to test their skills and above all their patience, below you will find some little advice on how to try your hand at building a pergola yourself that will be the envy of the whole neighborhood. It is not very difficult, it is enough to have some notion of technique and to know how to juggle centimeters and mathematical calculations, as well as having a certain dexterity with the use of the typical tools of the carpenter, to ensure that your construction can be safe and durable in the time.
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Surely the first thing to do is to choose the shape of the pergola, because this can take different shapes, especially depending on the materials with which you choose to build it. The most used material for this kind of structures is certainly wood, even if it is also possible to use steel, a choice that is certainly more acceptable both for the lower maintenance required, and for the greater durability over time, even if it remains almost indicated more for those homes that follow a more modern style. For more demanding customers it is then possible to attach a tempered glass cover to the structure that can be decorated with the various possibilities offered on the market. It must be said that such a choice would also lead to an increase in construction costs.
Once the choice of material to be used has been overcome, in order to ensure a certain stability to your pergola, it will be necessary to anchor it to the ground, for this it will be necessary to create holes, where the individual support poles will be inserted inside, then the holes will be closed. with concrete in order to make the pergola better anchored to the ground. The depth with which the poles will be driven into the ground must be proportionate to the width of the pergola. If you are looking for a simpler construction, you can still use an assembly kit, one of the ready-made ones available on the market.As regards the roof, the choice is wide: you can opt to use tiles that rest on wooden beams that support the pergola give the image of a semi-closed construction, or cover the pergola with lighter materials such as fabrics or curtains or even cover it with climbing plants such as ivy or American vines or with colorful flowers. it is the right slope that must be given to the pergola to ensure that the rainwater can flow out and arrive correctly by falling to the ground, without causing damage to the building.
From a legal point of view, in order to avoid incurring penalties that are also quite heavy for the pockets of citizens, it will be necessary to be very careful about the type of construction to be built and whether or not this falls within the specific notion of pergola Council of State in a recent ruling (No. 5409 of 29 September 2011) provided. According to the position of the Judges, for building purposes, it can be referred to as a pergola when the artifact has an ornamental nature, is made of a light structure, regardless of the type of material used, as long as it has a minimum weight and is easily removable, therefore without foundations.
So if your pergola has a structure consisting of pillars and wooden beams of important dimensions, which make the structure particularly solid and robust to the point of assuming a prolonged stay over time, this means that it will be necessary to verify, through the aid of a technician, if the construction is perfectly compliant with the urban planning regulations in force on the subject, which vary according to the Municipality to which it belongs, (the need for a project carried out by a technician, the payment of charges, the presence of landscape constraints and etc). In fact, since these buildings are not closed on four sides and not perfectly anchored, but removable, they are not subject to the same legislation envisaged for buildings and constructions in the strict sense.