One of the most discussed topics for most bonsai enthusiasts is the composition of the soil. The latter can be purchased at nurseries and garden centers but has quite high costs. Those who need to work the soil to plant more than 3 or 4 bonsai trees generally prefer to purchase different soil qualities and mix them themselves. There are a large number of ingredients to make your own potting soil; however, enthusiasts of this kind of cultivation find it difficult to find the elements to create a mixed soil which is the basis for the cultivation of bonsai. A bonsai requires a relatively small amount of soil throughout the year although it depends on the type of creation you intend to implement. Through the soil, the tree must be able to obtain water and nutrients to grow. For this reason, a bonsai must be planted in a soil of good quality and above all suitable for it. The quality of the soil that is used directly affects the health and vigor of the plant. There are a number of characteristics to be able to mix a good soil and among these the fundamental ones are: good water retention and being able to store a sufficient amount of water to provide the bonsai with the necessary dose between irrigation and other. There are some types of soil that do not allow water to flow out and accumulate excessive mineral salts. The solid particles used to create a mixed soil suitable for bonsai should be sufficient to allow pockets of air between each of them. This is essential for the oxygenation of the roots.
Bonsai soil

Bonsai soil A well-structured inorganic particle allows for quick water drainage and allows fresh air to continuously penetrate the soil. A compacted and organic soil without these structures lacks aeration and drainage and this can lead to health problems in the roots of trees and cause them to rot completely. By varying the soil mixes to suit different bonsai tree species, the nutrients to be administered also vary. In fact, pines and junipers require much less water than other species, therefore, even the soil must adapt to their structural characteristics. Alternatively, bonsai especially those for flowering and fruiting have a need for water and at the same time an excellent water retention capacity. When mixing the soil, the ratio of water to drainage materials varies according to the tree it is intended for. If the quantity of grit is increased to the mixture, the soil becomes more and more draining and with high water holding capacity.

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TERRICCIO BONSAI ORGANIC BLENDSOrganic soil mixes such as peat, leaves or bark are the building blocks for a standard soil. However the best mixes are complete when volcanic lava, lime and clay are added. These materials are more difficult to find but can still be found in garden centers, specific nurseries for bonsai, and in the case of some types of clay even in supermarkets and hardware stores. In past decades, Western bonsai enthusiasts tended to use organic mixtures with a large percentage of peat, bark and leaves mixed in for soil drainage. Over time, the better knowledge and understanding of the bonsai processing and production technique has increased and today, the use of simple organic materials does not favor the vigor and development of the tree. However, peat and other organic components of the soil have many disadvantages, including water retention which leads to soil rot, particularly during rainy periods in autumn, winter and spring. On the contrary, during periods with high temperatures, dry peat can prevent the normal flow of water by leaving dry spots in the areas adjacent to the roots of the bonsai. The only organic component that is always recommended to be used as part of a bonsai soil mix is ​​sifted bark compost; this in fact breaks slowly, maintaining its characteristics as a draining tool for a long time.

The advantage of inorganic materials is that they keep their structure alive for a long time without becoming pulp. In fact, they allow to conserve a certain amount of water and any excess is immediately expelled through the bottom of the soil. This is one of the ideal conditions for growing and growing a good bonsai in a healthy place. Among the best inorganic mixtures indicated for the cultivation of bonsai there are those of an industrial nature of Anglo-American origin, easily available in our garden centers. These products are of different caliber, already mixed properly and carefully studied in the most famous universities to give an excellent drainage to the plant, favoring as a basic component the clay which has always been considered one of the natural elements of the soil as an excellent and unparalleled drainage. To grow a bonsai in a healthy and luxuriant way as the Asian masters have always done, it is essential to choose or create the right soil.

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