The ficus benjamin is one of the plants that we can advise you to develop your new passion in the best possible way, that is to say the cultivation of a vegetable aimed at creating a real work of art in general and bonsai in particular. An evergreen plant of tropical origins, but also from India and China, Ficus is part of the scientific family of Moraceae, order Urticales, class Magnoliopsida, division Magnoliophyta. Currently over 800 species are classified with very different appearance and bearing, evergreen or deciduous. There are those that produce fruit or not, there are those with the ability to develop aerial roots, such as the Ficus benjamin, and others with traditional root systems: in this family there is an extremely rich natural world that can sometimes generate some confusion in the inexperienced grower.

bonsai ficus benjamin

When we talk about Ficus benjamin we are referring to a shrub that has lanceolate green leaves with sharp apex, not leathery and a maximum length of 12 cm, which can reach a height of two meters. Over the years it develops the aerial roots we have just talked about, which take on the appearance of real lianas and descend from the most robust branches, giving the entire plant system a truly unusual aspect, which meets a lot of curiosity.

For a simpler development of these roots, when the plant is kept in an apartment, it is good to keep a certain level of ambient humidity constant, perhaps also using the nebulizer directly on the plant. whitish and thick milk and on this detail we must focus our attention, because in case of cutting or incision on the surface of the plant, coming into contact with this substance can be very dangerous, as it causes skin irritation and also can cause damage to the eyes case of contact, therefore it is advisable to proceed with extreme care during these operations which, among other things, are indispensable for the creation of the bonsai. In eastern countries this particular latex is even used to produce rubber.

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Many do not know that in nature the Ficus benjamin (but also the Ficus elastica or Fico del caucci) can easily reach 30 meters in height. It is important to specify this in order not to fall into the frequent misunderstanding that associates the small size of the plant with the word bonsai. In the apartment, that is, in pots, it reaches a maximum height of 2.5 meters. The slender trunk, erect but flexible: it has a certain elegance. The bark has a light and smooth color, but over the years it takes on a slightly darker color. The aerial roots are born on the branches, which have the function of distributing the so-called foliage of Benjamin with a certain rationality, which tends to develop considerably and must therefore be treated in an intelligent way in order not to obtain unwanted effects.

bonsai ficus benjaminThe ideal environment for this particular plant to grow is a soil with a Ph between 5 and 6, that is a little acidic, which must also be fertile, therefore with the presence of numerous nutritional elements, and permeable. It is in fact important to understand well that the Ficus benjamin just does not tolerate poorly draining soils, in which the water stagnates dangerously and therefore it is necessary to pay the utmost attention to this aspect. And, moreover, becoming experts in the art of bonsai means just personally guiding a plant organism placed in a tiny vase with love and a sense of responsibility during the entire phase of its development, in continuous respect of its vital needs, leading it to show characteristics pre-established, according to one’s own subjective aesthetic taste. The word bonsai in fact consists of two oriental terms: bon and sai, which respectively mean container and educate, that is, form in a disciplined way.

It is useless to understand that one of the most important moments in the care of a bonsai lies in the activities related to pruning and the so-called periodic regenerating repotting which has the function of giving new vigor to the plant. We advise you to repot every 3 years in May or in any case during the spring period. The plant must be repotted in a compound consisting of half universal soil, 20% peat, 20% sand and the remaining 10% pumice. As for pollination, entomophilous (also called entomogamous), that is, it is caused by the activity of insects (especially butterflies, bees, beetles) which are attracted by the scents of plants.

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Bonsai ficus benjamin – Bonsai tips

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