The fertilization in the azalea Bonsai must be performed monthly in the vegetative period from March to October, avoiding the summer period between mid-July and mid-August, in the Bonsai the nourishment tends to decrease quickly because the quantity of soil is limited based on the capacity of the pot. . The first fertilizations must be rich in nitrogen, the following ones instead rich in potassium. It is advisable to use a liquid fertilizer to be diluted in the water for watering, even if the solid one is absorbed more slowly. Before fertilizing, it is preferable to wet the soil.
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The pruning for the azalea Bonsai must be done after flowering between late spring, early summer, it is recommended to perform the training pruning exclusively in autumn to avoid damaging the flowering buds or the mixed buds that produce both, instead perform a light pruning in spring, before flowering to eliminate some leaf buds and have a splendid flowering. Pruning must be performed with bonsai tools including scissors and branch shears preferably well sharpened so as not to tear but cut cleanly, the wounds can be medicated with mastic or healing paste, also creating a barrier against animal parasites.
The repotting of the Azalea Bonsai is recommended to be carried out after flowering in the period from late spring or early summer, with an annual frequency in the first years of life and instead of 4-5 years when already adult. In carrying out the repotting technique it is necessary to remove all the earth from the lower and upper part of the stump, then prune a third of the large and woody roots, with special scissors, leaving room for those capillaries that encourage the growth of the plant, finally if necessary in based on the size of the Bonsai, the pot must be replaced and before inserting the new substrate composed of 40% of universal soil, 30% of peat and the remaining 30% of clay, it is advisable to place a grid or a grid above the drainage holes. crushed stone to prevent the water from taking away part of the soil during irrigation, this technique is also valid for hindering the entry of animal parasites.
The Azalea Bonsai can be affected by animal parasites such as aphids, scale insects, spider mites, spider mites. To eliminate them, it is necessary to intervene manually with the help of a pine oil to be used on the foliage and then brush the encrustations left by the parasites with a brush. Finally, it can suffer from some pathologies such as iron chlorosis due to the use of very calcareous water and root rot created by stagnation.
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