The art of bonsai consists in being able to contain a tree in very small dimensions; through particular and careful cultivation care, the bonsaiist over the years manages to stimulate the production of minute leaves, small flowers, branches with a trend similar to that of large trees; in this way it encloses in a vase the superb and haughty beauty of a centenary tree. For novice bonsai enthusiasts it is already difficult to get a plant to survive in a tiny pot; for experts, on the other hand, each plant is a challenge, and certainly one of the greatest and most pleasant challenges to overcome is to grow a bonsai that bears fruit. Not an apple tree that produces apples of 200g each, but a small apple tree, which produces tiny apples “to scale”. The production of very small fruits is a goal that can only be achieved during long years of growing a bonsai, re-educating it month by month, in order to favor the development of fruits of the right size. Many bonsai enthusiasts give up on this difficult challenge from the start, avoiding leaving the flowers on the plants, or avoiding growing fruit plants.
fruit bonsai

fruit bonsaiMany plants tend to produce flowers and fruits of dimensions not related to the size of the plant itself, for this reason lemon or chestnut bonsai become very difficult to produce; in the same way a bonsaiist will hardly choose one of the pome fruit or the hybrid stone fruit that are usually cultivated for the production of fruits, which are in fact large and juicy, very useful for food, a little less for the aims of the bonsai.

Generally when we choose a fruit plant to be preserved we will look for a botanical species, or a variety with small fruit; the botanical species of prunus and malus produce innumerable fruits of quite modest size in nature, thus allowing us to bonsaise these plants without the problem of finding large fruits on tiny twigs.If we are beginners, and simply want to enjoy some fruit to admire on the our little bonsai, we can even turn to plants that already in nature produce miniature fruits, such as carmona or cotoneaster: the fruits of these plants resemble small apples or small olives, even on non-bonsaised plants; therefore already in the prebonsai we will be able to admire small fruits. We also remember that not all plants produce fruit in the first years of life; the cotoneaster produces fruit after 1-2 years from sowing, the apple tree can take from 3 to 5-6 years, the fig tree takes 5-6 years, the ginkgo can take up to 10-12 years; much also depends on the state of cultivation: the healthier and more luxuriant and well cultivated our bonsai is, the faster it will begin to produce flowers, and consequently fruit.

  • Citrus fruits

    Citrus fruits, oranges Citrus fruits are among the most cultivated fruit plants in the world, they are large shrubs, more often small trees, of Asian origin, cultivated in Europe for centuries, but also widespread for some time …

  • Pomegranate – Punica granatum

    Pomegranate The Pomegranate is one of the fruit plants cultivated for the longest time in the Mediterranean area; has Asian origins, but several centuries ago its cultivation spread in the hottest and driest areas …

  • Blueberry – Vaccinium myrtillus

    blueberry Vaccinium myrtillus is a small deciduous shrub, native to northern Europe, known by the name of blueberry; many species of vaccinium are widespread in most regions …

  • Currant

    currant Together with ribes sativum, with white fruit, and R. nigrum, with black-violet fruit, this deciduous shrub, with dimensions close to 120-150 cm, widespread in Europe, in North America and …

fruit bonsaiPlants tend to “expend” a large part of their energy to produce flowers and fruits; if the plant is no longer perfectly healthy or fails to find the necessary nutrients in the soil, it will easily lose fruit and sometimes not even produce them.

Therefore, if we want to admire our bonsai full of fruits, whether it is a cotoneaster or a small apple tree, remember that we must always take care of our plant in the best possible way: we provide fertilization and watering in the best way species by species. branches will be carried out only and exclusively when the plant is in vegetative rest, to avoid removing the flowers, or causing vegetative stress to the plant at the time of flowering or at the beginning of fruit production. We therefore remember that if we want beautiful fruits in spring or summer, we will have to prune our bonsai in autumn, avoiding subsequent pruning, until after flowering.To allow a small plant to produce and ripen its small fruits, we also avoid leaving them in excessive numbers; even if seeing so many fruits will fill us with pride, we can easily understand that a plant grown in a small land will not be able to find the energy sufficient to ripen all the fruits, and could react causing all the fruits to fall. the fruits have formed, remember to remove most of them, trying to keep those positioned in a more harmonious and decorative way.

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  • lemon bonsai

    lemon bonsai
    The lemon bonsai is one of the bonsai plants, if it is right to speak of bonsai plants, the most widespread within the
    visit: lemon bonsai

Source: www.giardinaggio.it

The art of bonsai

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